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Liver Center - Viral Hepatitis C (HCV)



Definition Incidence Risk Factors/Cause
Inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus. Usually spread person to person by intravenous or intranasal drug use, unsafe sexual practices, blood transfusion before 1992 Approximately 4 million Americans infected Approximately 40,000 new infections each year Blood or blood products transfusion prior to 1992

Intravenous drug use

Multiple sex partners or sex with partners who have other sexually transmitted diseases

Tattoos or body piercing with unsterilized instruments History of hemodialysis
Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment/Prevention
Usually asymptomatic
Nausea
Fatigue
Fever
Headache
Abdominal pain
Jaundice
Dark urine
Medical history
Physical exam
Blood tests
Liver biopsy
Medical treatment with Interferon or a combination of Peg-Interferon and Ribavirin

Liver transplantation in severe, chronic cases

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