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Liver Center - Cirrhosis

Definition Incidence Risk Factors/Cause
Scar tissue replaces normal, healthy liver tissue blocking the flow of blood through the organ and preventing it from functioning properly. 10th leading cause of death in the U.S. Protracted insult to the liver from alcohol, chronic hepatitis, inherited diseases, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, blocked bile ducts, drugs, toxins, infections and parasites
Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment/Prevention
Asymptomatic in early stages
Loss of appetite
Weight loss
Edema and ascites
Bruising and bleeding
Medical history Physical exam Blood tests CT Scan Ultrasound Laparoscopy Liver biopsy Based on cause and complications and may include:

Alcohol abstinence

Medical therapy such as interferon, corticosteroids, diuretics, antibiotics, beta-blockers, or laxatives

Healthy diet low in sodium and protein

Liver transplantation in severe cases